Humayun's tomb is one of the best preserved Mogul monuments. This fascinating mausoleum is the first example of Mughal architecture in India.
Located in the eastern part of Dehli, the last refuge of the Mughal Emperor Humayun recalls rather a luxurious palace, than a tomb.
After a century of its construction, Humayun's tomb inspired the construction of the famous Taj Mahal.
From the point of view of the history of architecture, this building is the only link between Gur Emir, where the ancestor of Humayun, Tamerlane, and the mausoleum of his grandson Shah Jahan, that is, the Taj Mahal, is buried.
Humayun's tomb was built thanks to the initiative of his widow Hamida Banu Begum, who began the construction of a mausoleum for his late husband in 1565, nine years after his death. The construction was completed in 1572.
The architecture of tomb is strongly influenced by Persian architecture. The architect of the Mirak Mirza Ghiyas building was of Persian origin. Ghiyas built the tomb in the center of a Persian-style chaharbagh garden (translated from Farsi, four gardens) with a quadrilateral shape. The garden, divided into four main parts by corridors or running water, is created to resemble the paradisiacal garden described in the Qur'an. These four main parts in turn are separated by channels to 36 parts.
From the seventeenth century until the nineteenth century, the garden was gradually filled with the tombs of the descendants of Humayun and his entourage.The Several Mughal emperors are even buried inside Humayun's mausoleum. Humayun's mausoleum has earned the necropolis title of the Mughal dynasty. No tomb in India or anywhere else contains such a high number of tombs of Mughal emperors and their relatives. In addition, Humayun's tomb is the first garden tomb in the Indian subcontinent.
The mausoleum is located on a massive platform that has a height of up to 7 meters. The building is constructed of red sandstone, while the tomb is made of yellow and black marble. The two-story mausoleum is crowned by a white Persian marble dome that seems weightless and imponderable. The height of Humayun's tomb is 47 meters, and its width is 91 meters.
The lower level of this rectangular construction is decorated with elegant arches, which are located around the entire perimeter of the building.
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