The Qutab Minar is one of the most beautiful monuments of India and also of the world. It was built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of the last Hindu kingdom of Delhi. It has a victory tower 73 meters high, Tower has five different floors, each marked by a balcony that projects and narrows from a diameter of 15 meters at the base to only 2.5 meters at the top.
The first three floors are made of red sandstone, the fourth and fifth floors are made of marble and sandstone. The foot of the tower is the Quwwat ul Islam mosque, the first mosque was built in India.
An inscription on its eastern door informs provocatively that it was built with material obtained from the demolition of 27 Hindu temples. In the courtyard of the mosque there is an iron pillar 7 meters high. It is said that if he can surround it with his hands while they has his back to him, they wish will be fulfilled.
The origins of Qutab Minar are involved in controversy. Some believe that it was erected as a victory tower to indicate the beginning of Muslim rule in India. Others say that it served as a minaret for the muezzins to call for faithful prayer.
Qutab ud din Aibak is the first Muslim ruler of Delhi. The construction of Qutab Minar began in 1200 AD. But he could only finish the basement. His successor, Iltutmush, was added three more floors and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak built the fifth and top floor.
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