The most famous monument in India, the Taj Mahal, is also the most perfect mausoleum of Arab-Indian architecture.The Taj Mahal is a 17th century building. In history, it is located in the middle of the 18th century. At that time, in northern India, the reigning dynasty was that of the Mughals, which began in 1526 under Baabur (1526-1530) during the battle of Paanipat Baabur was the first empire to grow. His successors were Shah Jahan (1627-1658) and Aurangzeb (1658-1707), in the order Humâyûn (1530-1540, then 1555-1556), Akbar (1556-1605), Aurangzeb (1605-1627) was the last great Mughal Emperor. Later, the Empire lost its power and the long list of other sovereigns had little power over the former territory. The fifth emperor, Shah Jahan, was the creator of the Taj Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is, therefore, only a tomb, but an exceptional tomb. It is located at the crossroads of moghole, Indian, Persian and even Syrian architecture. The general quality of the site is recognized as one of the most beautiful sites in the world.
Shah Jahan was a brilliant student, who quickly demonstrated great ability, both on the battlefield, where he expanded his father's territories, and in politics. After succeeding his father, he married three women in succession, the third of which, Mumtaz Mahal (1593 - 1631), was his favorite. The cronistas of the time said that the agreement between the two wives was perfect, so that when Mumtaz dies in 1631, Shah jahan orders the construction of a great mausoleum in which he can rest for all eternity. It should be noted that the body of the emperor will be placed at his side, later, and this despite the fact that he remarried several times.
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